Some Basic Facts About Melasma And Its Prevention And Cure
Melasma is a skin disorder characterized by the discoloration of the facial skin to a patchy brown, tan or blue-gray. The disorder commonly affects women during their reproductive years and is primarily thought to be related to external sun exposure, use of external hormones such as birth control pills as well as internal hormonal changes caused by pregnancy.
Melasma generally affects the females in specific parts of the face including the central face, cheekbones and jawline. It is also more likely to affect women of Latin and Asian descents, especially those having olive and darker skin. Even though men are also prone to suffering from this disorder, such cases are extremely rare.
Melasma can be prevented in some cases by avoiding exposure of the face to sun and using products containing an appropriate amount of sun protection factor. Individuals with a family history of the disease need to be extra cautious about preventing it by minimizing exposure to sunlight. In cases this is not possible, using high SPF products, hats, sunglasses and other aids to minimize sun damage is highly recommended.
The most common treatment suggested by dermatologists for treatment of Melasma is the use of topical creams that contain at least 2% hydroquinone. These creams are generally required to be applied at least twice a day until the pigmentation is removed and normal skin color restored.